Category: Acne Types

Adult Acne

Acne can occur later on in life and acne beyond the twenties, a condition known as adult acne, is very common. In adult acne, the pimple is called a comedo by doctors. It consists of skin tissues, keratin, and fat that plugs up the hair follicle. If the pimple is open, it is called a blackhead, and when it is closed, it is called a whitehead. The whiteheads in adult acne are what cause the rupturing of the walls of the hair follicle. When this happens, redness, pustules, papules, and infection occur.

While it remains known that boys have a higher probability of having acne scars, it is also known that women have a higher probability of adult acne. A common misconception is that adult acne is the result of inadequate hygiene. Unfortunately, it is not that easy. Both teen acne and adult acne are a result of hormones causing extreme oil buildup and a clogging of the pores containing the hair follicle. Because the flux of the problem lies in hormone fluctuations, women are more likely to have adult acne through the varying degrees of fluctuations that occur in their monthly cycle.

Many dermatologists suggest that as many as 30%-50% of women have adult acne. Adult acne is likely caused by a genetic history coupled with hormonal fluctuations. The monthly cycles in women tend to be similar among family members through the bloodline. Thus, women who are afflicted with adult acne because of hormonal fluctuations will likely pass these same hormone fluctuations to their female offspring. Furthermore, women who have a family history of adult acne will be predisposed to the condition and will also have similar hormonal fluctuations as other women in their family.

As skin sheds on a daily basis, it sometimes causes a clog in the hair follicle or pore. Hormone fluctuations will then cause oil to produce ultimately lodges in the plugged-up hair follicle. This is the ideal place for bacteria to flourish. When this happens, adult acne is the result and because there are thousands of hair follicles and pores on the face, this provides ample room for bacteria to create their own little community. It generally takes approximately 2 weeks for this process to produce a pimple, debunking the myth that the bar of Twix that you had on your coffee break will be the source of your morning breakout.

If you know that you have adult acne, attempts at prevention may be your best defense. Many women know their cycles well enough to know when they can expect breakouts of adult acne and attempt prevention methods accordingly. Most often, these occur in conjunction with the most extreme hormone fluctuations in the cycle, typically around ovulation and before the menstrual period. Gently washing the face no more than twice a day is a great prevention method, and using products containing benzoyl peroxide and alpha-hydroxyl acid for cleansing are excellent means at combatting adult acne. Sometimes, however, the battle against hormones is impossible. Talk to a dermatologist if you think that your adult acne is severe because there are prescription-strength medications available.

Categories : Acne Types

Acne Rosacea

Acne rosacea is a condition affecting tens of millions of people throughout the world. Often called the “curse of the Celts,” acne rosacea is most prominent in fair-skinned people of Northwestern European descent and is almost three times more likely to appear in women than in men. There are also many subtypes of acne rosacea that will be discussed later. The cause of acne rosacea is not known exactly, although there are several theories about its onset; there are several effective methods of treatment.

Acne rosacea is categorized into four main subtypes, but multiple subtypes may manifest simultaneously in the same person. The first of these subtypes is Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, which exhibits permanent redness and a tendency to blush very easily. This condition is also accompanied by visible blood vessels at the skin”s surface and also some itchiness. The second subtype is Papulopustular rosacea. This is often confused with acne because, in addition to sustained redness, there are red papules, some of which are filled with pus. The third major subtype is Phymatous rosacea, which is usually characterized by an enlargement of the nose. Other symptoms associated with Phymatous rosacea include thickening of the skin and other facial irregularities. The last major manifestation of acne rosacea is Ocular rosacea. This affects the eyes and eyelids and often results in burning, redness, and irritation in the eyes. Also typical of Ocular rosacea is the feeling of a foreign object in the eye.

Although the exact mechanism that causes acne rosacea is not known, several contributing factors are known. Most experts are of the opinion that the repeated dilation of blood vessels as a result of external stimuli does have a huge impact on this condition by causing the blood vessels to dilate easier and for more prolonged periods of time; this dilation can sometimes be permanent. There is also a definite genetic component to acne rosacea, because the majority of sufferers are fair-skinned females. Other triggers for acne rosacea include antiaging products such as chemical peels and acne treatments such as benzoyl peroxide or Accutane.

Treatment of acne rosacea is often highly effective. Treatment methods are highly varied, with some aimed at prevention and others at rolling back the existing conditions of the disease. Prevention is simply avoiding stimuli that would cause the blood vessels to dilate. These stimuli include stress, sudden temperature changes, consumption of alcohol, caffeine, spicy foods, and sunburns. It is also important to use gentle products when treating the face, such as zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. When acne rosacea is already diagnosed, it becomes important to rollback the existing symptoms. This is most often done by the use of a tetracycline oral antibiotic or a topical antibiotic such as metronidazole. These treatments will relieve papules and inflammation and some of the redness; however, when these are ineffective in removing papules, another medicine may be subscribed such as isotretinoin. In the case of Ocular rosacea, an oral antibiotic is usually prescribed and daily gentle scrubbing of the eyelids is recommended, as well as a regimen of warm compresses. Regardless of the state of acne rosacea, a doctor should be consulted before any treatment is started.

Categories : Acne Types

Acne Keloiditis

The condition of acne that occurs on the head or scalp area is known as acne keloiditis.  Acne keloiditis occurs on the occipital section of the scalp, on the back of the neck, and in rare situations over the whole scalp area.  This kind of acne is a condition that commonly occurs in men as the result of using unsterilized hair clippers or products that have gotten too close to the skin.


In the hair styling industry, it is standard that many clippers, blades, and their assorted attachments have previously been used on dozens of clients before being used on any specific individual.  If these appliances have not been sterilized properly, they can cause an inflammation on the scalp and neck area known as acne keloiditis.

Acne keloiditis can be an extremely painful and even disfiguring situation.  Acne keloiditis is considered a chronic case of acne that often results in inflammation and raised scarring.  The scars caused by acne keloiditis are known as keloids, and these scars can itch, swell, bleed, and grow significantly in size in severe cases.  In many cases, acne keloiditis will even cause permanent loss of hair in the affected area.  In acne keloiditis, lesions and keloids will become inflamed and will burst and bleed overnight while sleeping, or shortly following a shower.

Situations that will worsen the effects of acne keloiditis are rubbing, scratching, or picking at the lesions.  Anything that will tamper with the affected area such as a tight hat or direct sunlight will also cause flare-ups of acne keloiditis.  Other factors that will increase the likelihood of acne keloiditis flare-ups include obesity, improper sleep habits, extreme or chronic stress, marijuana use, and a heavy consumption of processed foods in the diet.

Because the lesions are generally severe and painful, standard over-the-counter solutions will likely not be very effective for acne keloiditis.  Medical treatment is generally required and includes a wide range of treatment methods.  Standard treatment for acne keloiditis will include antibiotic medication and Retin-A medicated cream that works as a peeling agent.  Other more serious forms of treatment for acne keloiditis include corticosteroid injections directly into the lesions to shrink the scar tissue that has formed, and surgical procedures that are intended to removed the entire lesion through an incision.  Surgical procedures for acne keloiditis are often a last resort as they do in themselves leave behind noticeable scarring that is very often less aesthetically pleasing than the initial lesion itself.

Home products and frequent hair washing to remove excess oil are recommended as natural treatments for acne keloiditis.  Some cases may benefit from scar removal treatments that will assist in exfoliating the smaller sized lesions and minimize scar tissues.  The earlier acne keloiditis is detected, and the sooner home treatment begins, the easier it will ultimately be to control acne keloiditis.

Categories : Acne Types